Tuesday, October 30, 2018

FAQ / All you want to know about Land and its terminology in West Bengal

1. What is the meaning of “Danga or Bastu or Vastu land” in West Bengal?

It is the classification of lands : Danga, Bastu, Dahola etc .

Literally Danga an non agricultural high land. For constructing house the nature must be converted from Danga to Bastu or Vastu.

If you want to convert these lands to a specific category ( as per Govt  classification list of lands  ) Whether  the land is really convertible or not wrt govt Act ,  you have to apply for ‘conversation' to the office of the Land &Land Reform Office (e.g. BLRO) under your jurisdiction.

2. What is the meaning of Sali or Shali land in West Bengal?

"Sali" land, means agricultural land  mentioned in the Land Record or Porcha  . Houses are built on Bastu land and not on Shali land. Shali land is 2 crop land. Sona land is more than 2 crop land.

3. Nine-fold Classification of Land in West Bengal

1. Net sown area (or area actually under cultivation) is 63%
2. Current Fallow land - unculturable land and pastures in West Bengal is very low.
3. Fallow other than current fallows,
4. Culturable waste land,
5. Permanent pasture and other grazing land and
6. Barren and unculturable land
7. Land put to non agricultural use – 19%
8  Forest -13%
9. Misc tree crops and Groves

4. F. A. Q:

1. What is land conversion?

Permission is necessary for change in land use - which is called Land Conversion.

2.Whom should I approach for my land conversion and how should I apply ?

An enterprise desirous of making any change in the area, character or utilization of any land under its ownership may apply to the ADM(LR) & DLLRO i.e. District Land & Land Reforms Officer (for above 1 acre of land) ; SDLLRO i.e. Sub-divisional Land & Land Reforms Officer (for above 10 decimal to 1 acre of land); BLLRO i.e. Block Land & Land Reforms Officer (for land up to 10 decimal) of the concerned District/ Sub Division / Block for permission in the prescribed format.

3.   When should I apply for land conversion?

 An enterprise may apply for land conversion after mutation of the land.

4.   What are the documents required for application for land conversion?

An application in Prescribed Format with requisite payment of process Fee for Conversion in court fee affixed on it or in cash, a copy of the registered deed of transfer, copy of the Rent Receipt showing the payment of upto date revenue of the land in question, copy of the Mutation Certificate, EM-I /IEM acknowledgement, copies of map of the said plot of land along with adjacent plots of land and any other documents that may be required for disposal.

5. Is NOC from the adjacent plot holders required?

No, the system of obtaining NOC from the adjacent plot holders has been discontinued. Instead adjacent plot holders may be called for hearing.

6. What is the procedure of land conversion?

An enquiry will be made by the field

5. The main sources of new demand for land at present are industry, housing, urban spaces and infrastructure. The provision of land for each of these purposes will require the conversion of land from other uses.

The factors to be considered when land is converted to any of these uses from other current use include the following :

1. The current use to which land is being put and the social costs of land conversion. Where land is agricultural, the factors to be considered are the number of crops grown on the land, irrigation facilities current levels of employment and income generation and the productive potential of land.
2. The impact of land conversion on the present users of the land, particularly when they belong to the working poor. Full and just compensation must be provided for any land that is converted to alternative purposes. This is a matter of the people’s entitlement.
3. The benefits from the alternative uses to which the land will be put, particularly with regard to employment and income generation.
4. Environmental considerations, particularly with respect to fragile or endangered ecological zones.
5. Identify vacant land first. As stated, the Govt. has initiated action to create an inventory of land that is not currently in use.

Enhance Agricultural Productivity

The demand for land for industrialization and urbanization creates a special responsibility with respect to agriculture for the Government. The State can afford to convert land to non agricultural purposes only if it is able to enhance agricultural productivity, and to implement an agricultural policy that will  

# protect and extend the achievements of the Stage with regard to rice production, thereby contributing to the food and nutrition security of the people of West Bengal.
# improve productivity in food production, thus releasing a significant proportion of cropped area in the Stage for the diversification of crop production, and, in particular, the production of oil seeds, pulses, fruit, vegetables and flowers and other non-food crops; l
# protect bio-diversity in West Bengal and develop agriculture and related activities – and, in general, plan land use – in an ecologically sustainable way; and
# ensure that the development of agriculture and related activities is a key instrument of employment-generation, income-enhancement and, in general, qualitative improvement in the living standards of the working people of the countryside.


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