Apart from Eastern part of India, Durga Puja is also celebrated in Delhi, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab, Kashmir, Karnataka and Kerala. I have witnessed Durga Puja even in Vizag,Andhra Pradesh in 2011, in the exactly the same form we see in Bengal.
The actual worship of the Goddess Durga as stipulated by the Hindu scriptures falls in the month of Chaitra, which roughly overlaps with March or April. This ceremony is however not observed by many and is restricted to a handful in the state of
This was deemed necessary since the Company was in charge of a large part of
Evolution of the Community or Sarbajanin puja in autumn
Today, the culture of Durga Puja has shifted from the princely houses to Sarbojanin (literally, "involving all") forms. The first such puja (Jagadhatri) was held Guptipara (see my blog http://sourabhdg.blogspot.com/2009/11/guptipara-hoogly-real-treasure.html) .
Despite the resources used to organise a Puja, entry of visitors into the Pandal is free. Pujas in
experiment with innovative concepts every year. Communities have created prizes for Best Pandal, Best Puja, and other categories. Calcutta
Durga puja mood starts off with the Mahishasuramardini' – a radio programme that has been popular with the community since the 1950s. While earlier it used to be conducted live, later a recorded version began to be broadcast. Bengalis traditionally wake up at 4 in the morning on Mahalaya day to listen to the enchanting voice of the late Birendra Krishna Bhadra and the late Pankaj Kumar Mullick on All India Radio as they recite hymns from the scriptures from the Devi Mahatmya or Chandi.
Creation of the idols
- Adi Ballygunge(5)
- Barisha Club(5) *
- Behala Adarshapally(4)
- New Alipore Suruchi Sangha(4)
- Nalin Sarkar Street(4)
- Naktala Udayan Sangha (4)
- Telengabagan Sarbojanin(3)
- Haridevpur Ajeya Sanghati(3)
- Pathuriaghata 5er Pally(3)
- Laketown Natunpally Pradip Sangha(3)
- Chakraberia Sarbojanin (3)
Weapons of Durga
Each of her weapons was gifted to her by various gods:
• The conch shell in Durga's hand symbolizes the 'Pranava' or the mystic word 'Om', which indicates her holding on to God in the form of sound.
• The bow and arrows (Barun??) represent energy. By holding both the bow and arrows in one hand "Mother Durga" is indicating her control over both aspects of energy - potential and kinetic.
• The thunderbolt (Indra) signifies firmness. The devotee of Durga must be firm like thunderbolt in one's convictions. Like the thunderbolt that can break anything against which it strikes, without being affected itself, the devotee needs to attack a challenge without losing his confidence.
• The lotus in Durga's hand is not in fully bloomed, It symbolizing certainty of success but not finality. The lotus in Sanskrit is called "pankaja" which means born of mud. Thus, lotus stands for the continuous evolution of the spiritual quality of devotees amidst the worldly mud of lust and greed.
• The Sudarshan-Chakra or beautiful discus (Vishnu), which spins around the index finger of the Goddess, while not touching it, signifies that the entire world is subservient to the will of Durga and is at her command. She uses this unfailing weapon to destroy evil and produce an environment conducive to the growth of righteousness.
• The sword/scimitar/lance ???? (Kumara) that Durga holds in one of her hands symbolizes knowledge, which has the sharpness of a sword. Knowledge which is free from all doubts, is symbolized by the shine of the sword.
• Durga's trident or "trishul" (Rudra)is a symbol of three qualities - Satwa (inactivity), Rajas (activity) and Tamas (non-activity) - and she is remover of all the three types of miseries - physical, mental and spiritual.
• Brahma’s kamandalu
• Kuber’s gada or mace
• Lion by Himalaya, her father
Notable temples in India
- Ammathiruvadi Temple, Thrissur, Kerala, India
- Matrimandir in the city of
Aurovillenear in Tamil Nadu. Pondicherry
- Ambika Mata Temple in the
villageof Jagat near Mount Abu in Rajasthan, India.
- Bhairabi Devalaya, in Tezpur, Assam
- Kamakhya Temple, Guwahati, Assam
- Kanaka Durga Temple, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh
- Shanta Durga temple in Goa
- Shila Devi temple at Amber Jaipur Rajasthan
- Shitla Mata temple at Patna Bihar
- Amaramkavu temple at Kolani Thodupuzha Kerala
at una Himachal Pradesh Chintpurni Temple - Kangra, Himachal Pradesh Jwalamukhi Temple
- Chamunda Devi - Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
- Chamundeshwari Temple, Mysore Karnataka
- Shimla, Himachal Pradesh Jhakhu Temple - Bilaspur Himachal Pradesh Naina Devi Temple - Sarhan Himachal Pradesh Bhimakali Temple - Manali Himachal Pradesh Hadimba Devi Temple - Nahan Himachal Pradesh Balasundari Temple
The Legend of the “Kola Bou”
1. Ashoka (Ashoka Gaachh) - represents Goddess Shokarahita
They are also present in Tea Gardens of North Bengal (though they migrated from Jharkhand) and their lingua franca is Sadri language (or Madeshi language ).